Maghe Sankranti is one of the famous festivals of Nepalese society which is celebrated on the 1st of magh in Vikram Sambat (B.S) calendar (14 January) bringing an end to the winter solstice containing month of poush. Maghe Sankranti Nepali:माघे सङ्क्रान्ति, Maithili:माघि, Nepali Bhasa:घ्यःचाकु संल्हु) is the famous festival of Nepal.
Maghe Sankranti festival is celebrated by the Hindu in which Hindu take the ritual bath during this festival, notably at promising success river locations. The river in which the people mainly bath are Sankhamul on the Bagmati which is located at the near Patan, in Gandaki/Narayani river basin at Triveni, Devghat near Chitwan valley, Ridi on Kaligandaki, and in Koshi river basin at Dolalghat on the Sunkoshi. In this Maghe Sankranti food like laddoo, ghee and sweet potatoes are distributed.
Sankranti is the Sanskrit word in Eastern Astrology which gives the meaning of transmigration of the sun from one Rashi (sign of the zodiac) to another. Maghe Sankranti also marks on the end of winter in Nepal. This year Maghe Sankranti falls on the 15th January but in Vikram Sambat it always falls on the 1st of magh.
Specially, Maghe Sankranti is a major harvest festival celebrated in Madhesh and tharuhat of Nepal. Maghe Sankranti is one of the Nepalese faestival celebrated by the Madhesh and Tharuhat on the fixed that is 1st magh of Vikram Sambat and 14th January.
How do we celebrate Maghe Sankranti
People take holly bath known as Makar Snan on Holly Rivers. The bath is especially taken on the tribunals where the three river meets. Shankamul, the bank of Bagmati river at Patan, Dolalghat, Baraha river, Ridi, The Sachi Tirtha at Trivenighat and other river are also famous for the Makar bath.
In this day fairs are held on the bank of rivers in certain places. Kali Gandaki and Trisuli rivers at Devghat (near narayangath) in Tanahun are famous for such fairs. The kankai river is very famous for the dip Snan fos Makar Snan. Many people came from India to take bath on the Devghat and Kankai river to take holly bath on this day Maghe Sankranti. There is a good tradition that the after having the bath on the holly rivers people worship Ajima Mata and Rato Machhindranath.
What do we eat on Maghe Sankranti
Maghe Sankranti has its own food to eat at this festivals. Mainly, people eat the Till Ko Laddoo (Brown Sesame seed Fudge), Chaaku (Molasys), Ghee (Clarified Butter), Tilauri. Yam’s curry and Spinich are cooked in the Maghe Sankranti. Yam ( Yam is Taruwal in Nepali) and a special type of Spinich is made called Patne Palungo specially grown in Nepal are the special food of Maghe Sankranti.
People of Newari Community massage their body with Sesame oil. Newar called Maghe Sankranti as the Maghe Sankranti Ghyo Chaku Sanun.
It is believed that the massaging body with the Sesame oil and eating the food items like; Till ko laddoo, Ghee Chaku, Spinich and Yam helps us to become healthier and warm during the cold season. Maghe Sankranti is also called the Maghe Sankranti ghiu chaku tarul day.
Maghe Sankranti Foods:
Maghe Sankranti is also called Maghi. Maghi is the new year of Tharu Community of Nepal
Maghe Sankranti falls on the month of Magh and mid of January in Gregorian calendar. In Vikram sambat (B.S) it falls on the 1st of magh. According to the Hindu Lunar calendar, the sun travels Northwards to Makar Rashi (Capricorn). Magh welcomes the opening of new festivals and ceremonies. Maghe Sankranti denotes the halfway end of winter in Nepal.
Stories behind the Maghe Sankranti
Maghe Sankranti has its own legend. The merchant of Bhadgaon (now Bhaktapur) was doing a good business. The merchant has the good business of Sesame, the stock never ran out. The merchant searched for the clue. Cleaning the stockpile the merchant found the Idol of Lord Vishnu down beneath the seeds. Then after the Idol is being worshipped as Til Madhav Idol.
It is believed that the worshiping the idol increase the supply of food, prosperity and wealth of Bhaktapur. It is believed that Bhismapitamaha son of river Ganga and king Santanu in the Epic Mahabharata. He had control (Ikcha Mitru) after his death. (Mahabharat is the Hindu great epic, and world’s biggest epic ever written). This is the day when Bhisma lying in the bed of arrows all hit by Arjun and discovered the words wisdom of life and death.
It is believed that the people dying this day go to the heaven and get free from suffering from life and death and rebirth.
Maghe Sankranti Tharu community Maghi
Maghe Sakranti || Festival Magar Culture 2017 & 2018
magar samudayeko Magar sakarati